COVID-19 FAQs - District Health Department 10
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What is COVID-19?

  • Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that include: the common cold, SARS and MERS
  • COVID-19 is the name of a new respiratory coronavirus that has been making people sick
  • COVID-19 is different than the flu virus
    • It only began circulating in humans in December of 2019

Why the concern?

  • COVID-19 is a new virus that has never been seen before
    • It has the potential to cause severe illness and pneumonia
  • It is unknown how many people will get sick or how severe the illness will be
  • A person may be infectious before becoming symptomatic (showing symptoms) and can pass the virus to others without knowing
  • There is potential for the U.S. healthcare system to become overwhelmed with patients
    • There may not be enough medical supplies/facilities to care for everyone infected

What are the symptoms?

  • COVID-19 symptoms are flu like:
    • Fever
    • Cough
    • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • COVID-19 illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and even death in some cases
  • Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2-14 days after exposure

Who does it affect?

  • Anyone and everyone!
  • COVID-19 doesn’t target people from specific populations, ethnicity, or racial backgrounds
  • Some people are at a higher risk of getting very sick from COVID-19:
    • Older adults
    • Those with serious medical conditions, like heart disease, diabetes and lung disease

How does it spread?

  • Person-to-person
    • An infected person coughs or sneezes releasing respiratory droplets into the air
    • Between people who are in close contact, within about six-feet of an ill person
    • When someone touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their mouth, nose, or eyes with unwashed hands
  • Based on the patterns of other coronaviruses- it has been suggested COVID-19 can survive on surfaces from hours to weeks (depending on humidity and temperature)

How many people have COVID-19?

What do you do if you have symptoms?

  • Call your healthcare provider immediately if you develop symptoms AND have been in close contact with a person known to have COVID-19, or if you’ve recently traveled to an area with widespread or ongoing community spread
    • If you do not have a healthcare provider, call your local urgent care or emergency room. DO NOT SHOW UP
  • Separate yourself from people and pets in your home
  • Wear a face mask when you must be around people
  • Monitor your symptoms, take your temperature regularly and note any changes

How do you prevent the spread of COVID-19?

  • Wash your hands often for 20 seconds under soap and water
  • Use hand sanitizers with 60% alcohol between hand washing or if soap and water aren’t available
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces regularly
    • Use 1/3 cup of bleach per gallon of water OR 4 teaspoons of bleach per quart of water
    • Alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol
  • Take extra measures to reduce the risk of being exposed to the virus by practicing SOCIAL DISTANCING
    • stay home as much as possible
    • avoid close contact (within 6 feet) of others

How is Public Health responding?

  • Airports are monitoring travelers and may ask travelers to quarantine based on their travel history
  • State and local Public Health Officials are putting orders in place to prevent COVID-19 spread
    • Cancelling/postponing public gatherings
    • Temporarily closing restaurants, bars, theaters, schools etc
    • Quarantining or Isolating individuals or groups

Questions? Email us at or call the state hotline at: 1-888-535-6136.

For more information or facts about COVID-19, click here

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