COVID-19 FAQs

COVID-19 FAQs

What is COVID-19?

  • Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person.
  • It is caused by a coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2.
  • Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in people and many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people. This occurred with MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV and now with the virus that causes COVID-19.

Why the concern?

  • COVID-19 is a new virus that has never been seen before that has the potential to cause severe illness and pneumonia
  • It is unknown how many people will get sick or how severe the illness will be
  • A person may be infectious before becoming symptomatic (showing symptoms) and can pass the virus to others without knowing
  • There is potential for the U.S. healthcare system to become overwhelmed with patients
    • There may not be enough medical supplies/facilities to care for everyone infected

What are the symptoms?

  • People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. Anyone can have mild to severe symptoms. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19:
    • Fever or chills
    • Cough
    • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
    • Fatigue
    • Muscle or body aches
    • Headache
    • New loss of taste or smell
    • Sore throat
    • Congestion or runny nose
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Diarrhea
      This list does not include all possible symptoms. CDC will continue to update this list as we learn more about COVID-19. Older adults and people who have severe underlying medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19 illness.
  • If any of the below emergency warning signs for COVID-19 are developed, get medical attention immediately:
    • Trouble breathing
    • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
    • New confusion
    • Inability to wake or stay awake
    • Pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nail beds, depending on skin tone
      *This list is not all possible symptoms. Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you.Call 911 or call ahead to your local emergency facility: Notify the operator that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have COVID-19.

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2-14 days after exposure.

How does COVID-19 spread?

  • COVID-19 spreads when an infected person breathes out droplets and very small particles that contain the virus. These droplets and particles can be breathed in by other people or land on their eyes, noses, or mouth. In some circumstances, they may contaminate surfaces they touch. People who are closer than 6 feet from the infected person are most likely to get infected.
  • COVID-19 is spread in three main ways:
    • Breathing in air when close to an infected person who is exhaling small droplets and particles that contain the virus.
    • Having these small droplets and particles that contain virus land on the eyes, nose, or mouth, especially through splashes and sprays like a cough or sneeze.
    • Touching eyes, nose, or mouth with hands that have the virus on them.

Who does it affect?

  • Anyone and everyone!
  • It is important to remember that stigma and discrimination occur when people associate an infectious disease, such as COVID-19, with a population or nationality. COVID-19 does not target people from specific populations, ethnicities, or racial backgrounds.
  • Some people however are at a higher risk of getting very sick from COVID-19:
    • Older adults
    • Those with serious medical conditions, like heart disease, diabetes and lung diseases

How do you prevent the spread of COVID-19?

  • Get vaccinated as soon as you can. You can schedule your vaccine at www.dhd10.org/schedule.
  • Wear a mask while in indoor places and where cases of COVID-19 are high, especially if you are not fully vaccinated.
  • Stay 6 feet away from others.
  • Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated spaces.
    • Restaurants, bars, fitness centers, or movie theaters are high-risk locations you may want to consider avoiding.
    • If indoors, open the windows to allow fresh air in if you can.
  • Wash your hands often. Scrub with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
    • Use hand sanitizers with 60% alcohol between hand washing or if soap and water aren’t available
    • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw tissue away and wash hands immediately
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces regularly
    • Use 1/3 cup of bleach per gallon of water OR 4 teaspoons of bleach per quart of water
    • Alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol
  • Monitor your health daily for symptoms.

Is the vaccine safe?

How many people have COVID-19?

What should you do if you have symptoms?

  • STAY HOME and separate yourself from people and pets in your home.
  • Call your healthcare provider immediately to discuss your symptoms.
    • If you do not have a healthcare provider, you may call your local urgent care.
  • Get tested. Your healthcare provider or local pharmacies offer testing. You can also look for a testing site using the Testing Site Look Up Tool.
    • While waiting on test results, stay away from others, including those living in your household.
  • Wear a mask over your nose and mouth if you are around other people.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes.
  • Clean your hands often.
  • Avoid sharing personal household items.
  • Clean all “high-touch” surfaces everyday.

What if I was in close contact with someone who has COVID-19?

First, what is a close contact? A close contact to COVID-19 is someone that

  • Was within 6 feet of someone contagious with COVID-19 for a total of 15 minutes or more (cumulative), with or without masks or protective barriers. AND/OR
  • Possibly came in contact with a contagious person’s airway droplets, such as those made by coughing, sneezing, or singing. AND/OR
  • May have had direct physical contact with a person who was contagious with COVID-19 such as hugging, kissing, or contact during high-impact sports or shared eating or drinking utensils with a person who has COVID-19.

A person with COVID-19 is considered contagious

  • Starting 2 days before their symptoms started until 10 days after their symptoms started
  • If they never had symptoms (asymptomatic) but tested positive, they are considered contagious starting 2 days before their COVID-19 test was performed until 10 days after their test was performed

If you were exposed to someone with COVID-19 (Quarantine)

  • If you:
    • Have been boosted
    • OR completed the primary series of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine within 6 months
    • OR completed the primary series of Johnson & Johnson vaccine within the last 2 months:
      • Wear a mask around others for 10 days
      • Test on day 5, if possible
      • Quarantine is not required unless you develop symptoms, after which, get tested and stay home for 5 days
  • If you:
    • Completed the primary series of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine over 6 months ago and are not boosted
    • OR completed the primary series of Johnson & Johnson over 2 months ago and are not boosted
    • OR have an incomplete vaccine series
    • OR are unvaccinated:
      • Stay home (quarantine) for 5 days
      • After that continue to wear a mask around others for 5 additional days
      • If you can’t quarantine you must wear a mask for 10 days
      • Test on day 5 if possible
      • If you develop symptoms, get tested and stay home

COVID-19 Testing Information

What do I do if I test positive for COVID-19?

Everyone, regardless of vaccination status:

  • Stay home (isolate) for 5 days
  • If no symptoms or your symptoms are resolving after 5 days, you can leave your house
  • Continue to wear a mask around others for 5 additional days
  • If you have a fever, continue to stay home until your fever resolves.

See CDC guidance on when you can be around others after you had COVID-19.

Recommendations for Isolating to Protect Other Household Members

  • Stay in a separate room from the rest of your household members and use a separate bathroom if possible.
  • Consider people living with you. If you live with someone with health conditions, think about whether there are other places you or they can stay while you get well.
  • Keep your toothbrush and other personal items separate if you must use the same bathroom.
  • Family and roommates should avoid as much contact with you as possible and they should practice self-quarantine.
  • Wear a mask if you must go into spaces you share with others.
  • Use meal or grocery delivery services when possible or ask family and friends for help.
  • Clean and disinfect things you touch, like light switches, doorknobs, tables, and remotes. Learn about disinfecting your home if someone is sick from CDC.
  • Wash your hands often. Use soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If you do not have soap and water, use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  • Cover cough and sneezes. Cough or sneeze into your elbow or a tissue, then wash your hands.
  • Don’t leave home, unless you need medical care.
  • Don’t share personal items. Things like dishes, towels, and bedding should not be shared, even with family.
  • Don’t use public transportation if you have another choice.

Learn more about what to do if you are sickcaring for someone sick at homehow to talk to your close contacts, and quarantine and isolation.

When to Seek Medical Care

  • Call your doctor if you have:
    • Fever that does not come down with medication.
    • Vomiting or diarrhea lasting more than 24 hours or any bloody diarrhea.
    • Shortness of breath.
    • Symptoms that keep getting worse and feel unmanageable.
    • Your other medical conditions, like diabetes or high blood pressure, are no longer under control.
  • Seek emergency medical care immediately if you have:
    • Trouble breathing, such as being unable to catch your breath.
    • Chest pain or persistent pressure in your chest.
    • Feel faint, light-headed, or unstable in any other way.
    • New confusion.
    • Inability to wake or stay awake.
    • New pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nail beds.
    • *Note: These are not the only serious symptoms possible. Please call your medical provider for advice if you have any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you.
  • When Seeking Care at a Health Care Facility:
    • Call ahead to get instructions from your health care provider and to notify the health care facility you are seeking care for someone that has been diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • Avoid using public transportation to get to your medical provider or emergency department. Do not use busses, Uber, Lyft, or taxi cabs.
    • If you are unable to drive yourself and do not have a ride, call 9-1-1 for transport by ambulance.
    • Inform them you have been diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • If a family member or friend is giving you a ride, wear a mask or face covering that covers your mouth and nose while you are in the vehicle with them. If they are able, have them wear a face mask as well.

Managing Isolation

We know isolating at home may be difficult. If you need assistance with things like food, shelter, and healthcare, we want to get you the help you need.

  • If you need help finding community-based support and resources: Visit www.mi211.org or call 2-1-1 for immediate assistance. The Network of Michigan Community Action Agencies (CAA) also provides support in connecting low-income residents with resources in their community, such as food assistance, utility and rental assistance, employment counseling, and more
  • If you need healthcare coverage, food assistance, childcare support, or emergency financial support: Visit MI Bridges to apply for state benefits. MI Bridges also features more than 30,000 state and local services to help meet your needs.
  • If you need to find mental health support resources: Call 1-888-535-6136 and press “8” to talk to a Michigan Stay Well counselor. Or text “RESTORE” to 741741 to start a text conversation with a trained crisis counselor. Counseling is free, confidential and available 24/7. Connect with emotional-support resources and services here (www.michigan.gov/StayWell).
  • If you need to apply for unemployment benefits: Apply for unemployment assistance through the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency.
  • If you need more Information on benefits for workers: Information can be found here
  • If you are a senior and need assistance: The Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) or 517-886-1029 offer services in every region. They offer services like meal delivery, home health care, counseling, and case management.
  • If you need help finding a healthcare provider: Visit your local Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) which you can find at https://www.mpca.net/
  • If you need to know more about energy assistance and shutoff protections: Learn more about energy assistance and shut-off protections from the Michigan Public Service Commission.

How do I report a positive COVID-19 test using a home test kit?

If you used a COVID-19 home test kit and tested positive, please complete the following survey: https://survey.alchemer.com/s3/6055601/3a61f0729898

What about Variants?

The CDC has the most current information on variants. Stay up-to-date with the latest on the CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/variants/about-variants.html

Can my pet get COVID-19? Can they give it to me?

It may be possible that your pet can get COVID-19 – two cats have been confirmed to have COVID-19 in New York, however; there is no evidence that your pet can give the virus to you.Until we know more, the CDC recommends the following:

  • Do not let pets interact with people or other animals outside the household.
  • Keep cats indoors when possible to prevent them from interacting with other animals or people.
  • Walk dogs on a leash, maintaining at least 6 feet from other people and animals.
  • Avoid dog parks or public places where a large number of people and dogs gather

If you are sick with COVID-19 (either suspected or confirmed by a test), restrict contact with your pets and other animals, just like you would around other people.

  • When possible, have another member of your household care for your pets while you are sick.
  • Avoid contact with your pet, including petting, snuggling, being kissed or licked, and sharing food or bedding.
  • If you must care for your pet or be around animals while you are sick, wear a cloth face covering and wash your hands before and after you interact with them.

What if I have more questions?

Email us at info@dhd10.org or call the state hotline at: 1-888-535-6136.

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